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Medical Treatment

Protect Your Vision with Medical Care

At East Coast Eye, we offer advanced medical treatments for various eye conditions. Trust our skilled ophthalmologists and optometrists to provide the care you need to keep your eyes healthy.

The Best in Non-Surgical Treatments

Many eye conditions don’t require surgery, including infections, injuries, retinal disease, and glaucoma. Sometimes conditions such as dry eye, glaucoma, conjunctivitis (pink eye), and other inflammatory conditions simply require eye drops and ointments.

Injuries also often don’t require surgery. However, because of the sensitive nature of the eye, scratches, foreign object removal, blunt trauma, and chemical injuries should be taken care of in our office.

We may need the assistance of technological equipment. We have the latest in optical coherence tomography for detailed views of the retina and optic nerve. We use computerized visual field-testing devices to assess your peripheral vision and detect glaucoma. Finally, we utilize computerized topographic scanners to diagnose corneal diseases.

We also employ therapeutic procedures, including vision therapy for conditions such as amblyopia (lazy eye) and strabismus (crossed eyes), and laser treatment for retinal problems, glaucoma management, and post-cataract surgery maintenance.

Frequently Asked Questions

Infection and Inflammation

There are many different infectious and inflammatory problems that can be treated in the office. One of the most common is conjunctivitis, often referred to as pink eye. In most cases, eye drops and hot compresses will suffice. Not all inflammations, however, are infections. Iritis, for example, an inflammation of the colored part of the eye, occurs commonly in persons who have arthritis or other similar systemic problems. Iritis usually is not infectious. That is, there is no known germ causing the problem. Mistreated as pink eye, it may result in serious damage to the eye. Our physicians can easily  differentiate iritis from simple infectious conjunctivitis with your exam.

Other types of conjunctivitis may be allergic, chemical or toxic. Contact lens-related allergic conjunctivitis (“giant papillary conjunctivitis”) is very common, especially with the large number of contact lens wearers these days. This problem can usually be helped, but proper diagnosis must come first.

A tender, swollen gland in the eyelid, better known as a chalazion, is easily one of the most frequently misdiagnosed problems we see. These may be red, draining, and quite swollen even though not infectious. Appropriate eye drops often can give relief, but again, proper diagnosis is first and foremost essential.

If you have a red, swollen, tender, and/or irritated eye or eyelid, let us know. What may seem to be a simple “pink eye” could be something totally different. If this problem develops while you normally wear contact lenses, you should immediately remove the lens and seek professional help. Serious ulcers of the cornea can develop from improperly treated infections. Never use anesthetic eye drops while you are waiting for an appointment with your eye doctor. This practice can lead to serious and permanent negative consequences.

Dry eyes are an increasingly common complaint. Often caused by chronic inflammation, they have been a challenge to treat in the past, due to limited options. Today, however, newer anti-inflammatory medications offer significant improvement beyond traditional artificial tears in managing this condition.

Injuries to the eyeball, eyelid, and surrounding structures are common. Small foreign bodies in the cornea or conjunctiva (lining tissue of the eyeball and eyelid) occur frequently, and they can usually be removed simply and painlessly. Scratches to the surface of the cornea often will feel exactly like a foreign body in the eye. Some foreign bodies are so small that they escape detection unless the eye is examined with a special microscope that permits them to be seen. If you have something in your eye and it cannot be washed out, please let us know. We will see you promptly. Properly treated, secondary infections can usually be avoided.

Blunt injuries to the eye may be serious. A blow from a baseball or tennis ball, for example, or a fist injury, can cause severe inflammation, swelling, and hemorrhaging in the retina. A broken bone in the eye socket can be a further problem. These injuries should be examined by an ophthalmologist. Dilation of the pupil may be needed to determine if there is a more severe internal injury.

Chemical injuries are also very common. Most household chemical agents, such as soaps and cleansers, do not cause serious problems, although they may be very irritating. Chemicals with strong alkalis, such as toilet bowl or oven cleaners, can produce severe burns and should be evaluated by an ophthalmologist. If you get any chemical in your eye, you should immediately flush the eye with a large volume of water. If solid chemicals are lodged under the eyelid, they must be removed. Do NOT wait. Certain products may cause permanent damage. Other materials may cause a lot of discomfort even though they rarely produce any long-term serious problems. If you sustain a chemical injury from a product whose contents are unknown to you, try to bring the bottle with you so we may find out what is in it and treat your eye accordingly.

The most common problems seen in the children’s eyes, other than nearsightedness, are those related to lazy eye difficulties, muscle weakness, and turns of the eye. Some of these are present at birth while others become evident only later on. Proper diagnosis and management are critical to developing clear vision and must be established during the first few years of life. Crossing of the eyes is a very common problem in childhood. In many cases, this is an illusion caused by the wide and flat bridge of the nose which has not yet developed. True crossing, however, may be present at birth or develop during the first year or two of life. The illusionary “crossing” will always disappear as the child grows since it is not a real crossing in the first place. True crossing is not outgrown. If you think your child has crossed eyes, it is important to have your child examined promptly. With an eye persistently crossing, the vision may decrease in that eye, a condition known as amblyopia or lazy eye. A child may also have a lazy eye without it being crossed. If one eye sees well and the other does not, and if there is no crossing of the eye, you may have no clue that there is even a problem in the first place. By the time it is discovered during the vision screening tests given when your child is 5 years old and in kindergarten, it becomes significantly more difficult to treat. For this reason, even if you have no suspicion of any problem, we suggest you have an initial comprehensive examination of your child’s eyes by the end of the first year of life. Early amblyopia (lazy eye) can be detected and treated. If you suspect that there might be some problem, let us examine your child at that time, no matter how young. We routinely examine even newborn infants where there may be a suspected problem. Being old enough to read an eye chart is not necessary.
Reading and Learning Disorders
Many children have difficulty reading, reverse their letters, or are generally slow at learning. We often receive referrals from pediatricians for a complete evaluation of these children’s eyes. Certainly, this is recommended, for if a child cannot see well, learning may be impaired. However, true learning disabilities such as dyslexia are virtually never based on eye disease. Furthermore, they are NOT improved by the so-called eye muscle exercises that have become popular in recent years. Eye muscle problems do not create learning difficulties. Children do not reverse letters (such as b and d) because of eye problems. Both the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Ophthalmology want you to know that these eye exercises are of no value. If your child has learning difficulties, the problem should be left to the learning disabilities specialists and the educators, NOT eye care providers who prescribe eye exercises. Please don’t hesitate to talk to our specialists about this important subject.
Refractive Problems
More common than any other childhood eye problem is simple nearsightedness, technically called myopia. This is not really a disease but rather a continued growth of the eyeball’s length. In other words, the eyeball is too long from front to back so that the image, which is projected onto the retina, is out of focus. See the two photographs below. Figure 1 shows the “normal” eye in which the image is focused exactly on the retina.

Figure 1

Figure 2 shows the myopic eye in which the image comes to focus before it reaches the retina. Then, as the light rays continue back until they reach the retina, they are out of focus again. All this happens because the eye is too long, and the retina is too far back from the lens.

Figure 2

Nearsightedness can be present during the first few years of life but more commonly starts during the school years. Children often do not complain about blurry vision. It is not until a parent or teacher notes that the child is squinting to see the board in school that the problem becomes evident. Glasses are generally the solution. These days, many children, even younger ones, are being fit with contact lenses as well. Our office can perform the necessary examination of your child to make certain that the appropriate prescription for glasses is available. Our optical shop can make and fit the glasses for you, often within the same day. If contact lenses are desired as an option, we can perform the fitting and take care of the follow-up as well. Farsightedness, or hyperopia, occurs when the eyeball is too short, and the image strikes the retina before it has had a chance to become in focus. In other words, the retina is too close to the lens. The focal point of the light rays is further back than the retina.
Other Problems
In addition to the simple refractive errors noted above, there are many other possible problems. Pediatric ophthalmologists treat congenital eye disorders, such as cataracts, incomplete development, and anatomic irregularities. Some of these conditions may be associated with other developmental disorders. It is not uncommon for the ophthalmologist (who is an M.D.) to be the one to diagnose certain systemic conditions. Prematurity, with the need for supplemental oxygen, can be associated with retinal problems. This is one reason why we examine the eyes of virtually all preemies. Although it is unusual, retinopathy of prematurity (often called ROP), can often be treated effectively. Children certainly can have many of the same problems as adults, including simple “pink eye” (infectious conjunctivitis), allergies, cataracts, or glaucoma. The eyes may be involved in other systemic illnesses of children such as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or childhood diabetes. Remember that ophthalmologists are physicians who have completed medical school and have training not only in eye problems but also in other bodily illnesses that may involve the eyes. Within our practice, Drs. Turtel and Pardon are fellowship-trained subspecialists in pediatric ophthalmology.

The retina is the tissue layer that lines the inner part of the back of the eye. It is the sensory layer of the eye; it can receive the light rays coming into the eye and convert them to small electrical impulses which are then transmitted to the brain for interpretation. The retina is much like the film in a camera. The light image is recorded onto it.

The retina is actually a multilayered structure that is extremely thin. Because it is so highly sensitive (much more so than any camera film ever produced), it requires a high level of metabolism to do its job. This means that it consumes a lot of oxygen. In fact, the retina has a higher usage of oxygen per unit weight than any other tissue in the body, including the brain itself. For this reason, any disease, injury, or other problem that reduces the oxygen level to the retina can, and often will, affect vision.

Many retina disorders can interfere with its ability to see light. Hemorrhage such as diabetic retinopathy, swelling from injury, age-related hardening of the arteries and its consequent poor circulation, and toxic chemicals or drugs are just a few of the problems that may decrease a person’s vision. Just as putting a new lens onto a camera with an outdated roll of film will not improve the picture, changing one’s eyeglasses will not improve the vision if the retina is diseased or injured.

The retinal disease that most older patients worry about is macular degeneration. At the present time, there is no known specific cause for this problem. There are different types of macular degeneration, and they are managed differently.

The retina is the only part of the eye in which we can look directly at blood vessels. For this reason, examination of the retina may give some information about one’s general health. For example, if you are a diabetic, changes from diabetes might be observable by examining the retina. The same is true for high blood pressure. Keep in mind, though, if the retina appears normal, this does not mean that you do not have diabetes or high blood pressure, only that it hasn’t shown up in your eyes. You still need regular medical examinations by your primary care physician.

When ophthalmologists look at the retina, it is often done with the pupils dilated. This simply allows better visibility by making a larger opening through which we examine it. There may be retinal problems that only are present at the very outer edge of the retina, and these often cannot be seen without dilating drops. In addition, a larger opening permits a better three-dimensional view. This is important in evaluating for other diseases, such as holes in the retina. Retinal holes and peripheral retinal thinning may lead to retinal detachment. It is far better to detect problems early when they are more readily treated. Glaucoma, which affects the optic nerve, is often detected by the very same type of examination. And retinal tumors, while not very common, may only be visible through a dilated pupil as well. Optomap ultra-widefield retinal imaging is now available and can be used in many patients to avoid dilation and provide the doctor with additional information about your eye health.

Our comprehensive eye examination may include a retina evaluation with dilating drops. These take time to work, which is why your visit to our office might be longer than you have experienced in the past. If you notice the onset of flashing lights or floating spots or “cobwebs” in your vision, please call our office. Often, these sensations are normal, but since they may represent retinal problems, you should be examined.

Glaucoma is often without any symptoms until late in the course when damage has been severe. The glaucomas (there are several types of glaucoma) represent a group of diseases of the eye, all of which have in common a damaging effect on the fibers of the optic nerve. Glaucoma is not simple, but it is treatable.

There may well be several causes or factors underlying the development of glaucoma in any given person. For many years, glaucoma was defined as a disease of elevated fluid pressure inside the eye. This is not the same as blood pressure. While many persons do have glaucoma caused by elevated pressure, many do not. Thus, we try to avoid defining the disease as one of elevated pressure.

Rather, the definition is a descriptive one. This means that the disease is defined by the presence of these damaging changes observed in the optic nerve and NOT by what we think is causing that damage. Thus, the pressure in the eye is a risk factor for the disease rather than the disease itself. The higher the pressure, the greater the risk. However, elevated intraocular pressure is NOT necessary to have glaucoma. One may have severe glaucoma with relatively low intraocular pressure. The reason the pressure is such an important risk factor, however, is that all glaucoma is TREATED by reducing the pressure (since we currently have no other way to treat it). This applies even to the so-called low-pressure variety.

Let’s take a look at what it is that creates and controls the pressure inside the eye:

Figure 1

Inside every eye is a special gland known as the ciliary body which produces this watery fluid called the aqueous. This fluid fills the front compartment of the eye, a small space called the anterior chamber (see Figure 1). This aqueous fluid is constantly secreted by the ciliary body and released into the chamber. At the same time, older fluid drains out through a special channel known as the trabecular meshwork. The trabecular meshwork works like a strainer that the aqueous “filters” through, ultimately leading into a small circular duct known as the Canal of Schlemm. The trabecular meshwork and Canal of Schlemm together constitute the drainage channel of the eye. From there the fluid is absorbed into the surrounding blood vessels, leaving the eye.

Thus, the aqueous is in a constant state of turnover. New fluid is pumped into the eye while old fluid drains out. The pressure inside the eye depends on exactly how much fluid is present. If more aqueous is secreted into the eye than drains out, the pressure will be elevated. If the fluid drains out faster than new fluid is formed, the pressure will be lower.

In the common type of glaucoma, known as open angle glaucoma, the drainage channel is widely accessible and the aqueous can easily get to it. Notice the upper part of the photo above where it shows the angle as it appears open. Although the angle is open and the drainage channel is accessible, the aqueous doesn’t flow through it to get out of the eye.

Another type of glaucoma, known as narrow angle glaucoma, is associated with a restricted access to the drain. The lower part of the photo shows what a narrow angle looks like. See how the iris is much closer to the cornea, making the depth of that recess shallower? In narrow angle glaucoma, the drain would work just fine if the aqueous fluid could get to it. If the drain is not accessible to the aqueous, even though the drain works well, the aqueous will not be able to get out of the eye. The pressure will rise and may damage the sensitive nerve fiber layer of the retina. When a drain fully closes, glaucoma reaches its last stage, known as angle closure glaucoma.

If enough damage occurs to the sensitive nerve fiber layer of the retina, it can be observed by the ophthalmologist while examining the optic nerve (see the photos below). The optic nerve is like a cable consisting of millions of nerve fibers coming from the retina. Loss of these fibers shows up as “cupping” or an erosion of the optic nerve surface. With laser scanning technology, an image of the nerve fiber layer may disclose early loss before it shows up at the optic nerve during an eye examination. The loss of nerve fibers causes peripheral vision to disappear first and central vision to vanish later. This is the basis of glaucoma damage.

Figure 2

The optic nerve is like a cable consisting of millions of individual nerve fibers coming from the retina. Loss of these fibers shows up as “cupping” or an erosion of the optic nerve surface because there are fewer fibers. With laser scanning technology, an image of the actual nerve fiber layer may disclose early loss before that loss shows up at the optic nerve during the eye examination.

It is ultimately the loss of the nerve fibers which causes loss of peripheral, or side, vision first and, later, central vision. This is the basis of glaucoma damage.

Using the traditional definition of glaucoma (high pressure in the eye), the ophthalmologist will measure the pressure level with a tonometer. This painless measurement provides a numerical readout of the pressure. Most of the time, but not always, the pressure in a “normal” eye will vary from the low teens to about 21 or 22. Of absolute critical importance, however, is the health of the optic nerve and nerve fiber layer of the retina. We usually consider a pressure of 21 or 22 as the upper limit of normal. However, about one-third of patients who have existing damage from glaucoma have never had pressures above 21. We often examine an eye and observe damage to the nerve fiber layer and the optic nerve but find relatively low pressure. No one knows why these individuals have such damage. It may exist because of poor circulation to the optic nerve or some anatomic variation in the fibers of the optic nerve causing compression. For them, a pressure of 17, for example, is abnormally high. In recent years, researchers have discovered that other eye features affect glaucoma.

Just as some people have glaucoma with low pressure, many individuals run pressures that are well above 21 or 22, yet they have no disease. Our task, as ophthalmologists, is to identify those who have glaucoma from those who do not and identify persons who run potentially problematic pressures if they go untreated. This is the only way we can attend to those who need treatment while avoiding unnecessary care for those who do not have glaucoma.

Clearly, we need more information than simple pressure measurements. Following a recent nationwide study of high pressure in the eye, we have added a new measurement in the examination of many of our glaucoma patients. It is called corneal pachymetry, and it measures the thickness of the cornea. When the traditional pressure measuring instrument, the Goldman applanation tonometer, was developed, it was assumed that all corneas were about equally thick. The tonometer works by flattening the cornea a measured amount and calibrating the internal eye pressure, based on how much external pressure is applied to flatten it. The calibration is based on a uniform corneal thickness concept. (The assumption that all corneas were equally thick was made because no instruments were available at that time to measure the thickness.) However, now that we can measure this thickness with high accuracy, we have found that corneas may vary substantially from one person to another. Thus, the very thick cornea will require more effort to flatten while the thin cornea will require less external pressure. As a result, the pressure reading on the tonometer may be higher than the real eye pressure if the cornea is thick, and the reading will be lower than the real pressure if the cornea is thin. Now, we may treat some patients whose pressure readings seem low but have thin corneas because their real eye pressure may, in fact, be higher.

In evaluating your eyes for glaucoma, we must rely on clinical observation and expertise. We need to know if there is damage to the peripheral vision. In a sense, we do not test for glaucoma. We evaluate it. Simple screening of the pressure without anything else is insufficient and may be very misleading.
Glaucoma does its damage to the nerve fiber layer of the retina. The goal of treatment is to preserve vision. Presently, the only way we know how to treat glaucoma or prevent vision loss is by reducing the aqueous pressure inside the eye. Our discussion now will center on diagnosis and treatment. Some special glaucoma situations will also be presented.

We begin our glaucoma evaluation by assessing the health of the various structures in your eye. Of course, we need to measure the pressure. As stated before, this is done with an instrument called a tonometer. The photo below shows an eye having its pressure checked with an “applanation” tonometer like the one we use in our office. This is the most accurate method of measuring the pressure. A single eye drop is placed into the eye, allowing us to measure the pressure with a high level of accuracy. There is no pain or discomfort, and it takes only a few seconds to perform. This instrument does NOT blow air against the eye. It is essentially without any feeling at all.

A thorough microscopic examination of the eye, including a detailed assessment of the health of the optic nerve, is also performed. From there, we will continue with further diagnostic testing as indicated on an individualized basis.

Corneal pachymetry (thickness measurement as described above) may be used in many circumstances to refine the accuracy of the pressure measurement. We employ some of the most advanced computerized technology to aid in assessing the health of your optic nerves and nerve fiber layer. Remember, it is damage to these ocular structures that ultimately causes vision loss. The early changes may not be noticeable to you initially. However, they may be measurable to us.

Peripheral vision testing, will indicate the level of retinal sensitivity of the side vision, the area that glaucoma affects initially. Our visual field analyzer is the most sophisticated instrument available for this purpose. Adding our laser-scanning nerve fiber layer analyzer may permit us to observe very early changes, long before they can be noticed by direct observation or before they cause loss of side vision. This allows us to detect early changes and treat the eye before severe damage occurs.

Glaucoma Treatment

As stated, glaucoma is treated by reducing the pressure inside the eye, even if the pressure is not high to begin with. In the future, glaucoma may well be treated by changing one’s genetic makeup in some fashion to make the eye resistant to whatever is causing the problem in the first place.

In most cases of the common type of glaucoma (primary open angle), we reduce the pressure by using eye drops. There are many types, and the choice of which one, or ones, to use varies by individual.

In certain situations, laser treatment may be an option. While no one really knows how the laser works, it does have the capability of pressure reduction in many situations, particularly if eye drops are not working adequately. In the type of glaucoma referred to as narrow angle glaucoma, laser treatment might even cure, not just control, the problem by creating a pathway for the aqueous fluid to leave the eye. Our practice has these lasers in the office, and we have many years of experience using them effectively. Laser treatment for glaucoma usually takes a short time and has a very high level of effectiveness and a very low level of risk.

Finally, there are more difficult glaucoma situations that sometimes require actual surgery. This can be done as an outpatient, under local anesthesia, when indicated. Generally, surgery is not performed unless other means have not worked well. Every situation is different, and we will always discuss all of the options available to you so that, in the event surgery is needed, you will be fully informed. Please do not hesitate to ask us.

Glaucoma occasionally represents a complication of some other disease process. Here, we must first diagnose and treat the underlying condition, if known. Treating the primary problem can eliminate the source of the elevated pressure, thereby reducing it. These so-called secondary glaucomas are not the typical type of glaucoma and must be treated individually.

A less common type of glaucoma called narrow angle glaucoma was noted above. Its endpoint of acute angle closure is a serious eye emergency. With the exclusion of injuries, acute angle closure glaucoma remains the number one medical eye emergency. Within a few hours of its onset, one may experience profound eye pain, nausea, and severe vision loss. If allowed to go untreated, extensive permanent vision damage may occur. In many situations, the condition is preventable simply by having regular examinations by your ophthalmologist, who is trained to recognize those at risk.

In a prior discussion, we noted that narrow angle glaucoma exists when the aqueous fluid inside the eye is restricted from getting into the internal drain. This drain, known as the trabecular meshwork, lies at the outer periphery of the iris (the “colored part” of the eye) where it meets the sclera (the “white” of the eye). At the junction of these structures is a recess called the anterior chamber angle.

Note the photo below. It shows a cross-section of the eye illustrating a closed angle.

The degree to which the trabecular meshwork is available is determined by how wide or narrow the recess is. In other words, how open the angle is. For the mathematically inclined, a very wide angle may be 40 or 45 degrees. A narrow angle may be less than 15 degrees. As long as the angle is open, even if only a slit, the aqueous can get to the drain. A shallow but still open angle will pose a threat if it closes off completely, since there is no longer any way the aqueous can drain out. The intraocular pressure can rise to levels well over 50 in just a few hours. This is dangerous and can lead to permanent vision loss.

During our eye examinations, we evaluate the depth of the chamber angle of your eye. Most people have open angles that do not pose a problem. Those with short eyes, usually fairly farsighted persons, often have shallow angles. The natural aging process causes all angles to become shallower. If you have a wide open angle early in life, it is not likely to ever be a problem. If you have a mildly shallow angle in your middle-age years, you might have trouble later in life.

Narrow angle glaucoma is less common than the typical open angle variety. Some patients with narrow angles have very mild short-lived attacks during which the angle, or drain, closes off completely. This results in a spike in the intraocular pressure which frequently causes pain usually described as a headache around the eyebrow area. If the closed angle spontaneously opens a bit, the fluid drains out, the pressure drops, and the headache disappears. Repeated attacks can result in mild degrees of damage with each episode. These are cumulative. By the time you are aware of vision problems, there is typically extensive damage.

If the attack does not spontaneously break, the drain stays closed, and the pressure continues to rise. This causes fluid to accumulate in the normally clear cornea, giving it the likeness of frosted glass rather than clear glass. The blood vessels in the eye become congested, and there often is intense pain which can cause nausea and vomiting. This attack of acute angle closure glaucoma requires prompt attention. Eye drops and systemic medications usually can cause the attack to break, resulting in lower pressure and symptom relief. However, there may be damage to the drain caused by the attack itself. Treatment is aimed at keeping this from happening again and will be described below.

If you have a narrow angle (determined by your ophthalmologist), you should know the risk of angle closure. Regularly using appropriate eye drops may help increase the ability of the aqueous to drain out of the eye and keep the pressure down. Certain systemic medications often contain a warning not to use if you have glaucoma, since they may cause further shallowing of the chamber angle. Note that while these warnings only say “glaucoma,” they really apply only to narrow angle glaucoma. If you have open angle glaucoma, these warnings generally don’t apply. Please ask us if you are not sure.

The definitive treatment for a chamber angle that is dangerously shallow or for an eye that has already had an actual attack of angle closure is usually performed with a laser. This instrument creates a small hole in the iris right near the base of the chamber angle so that the aqueous fluid always has some access to the drain. This opening is totally inside the eye and has nothing to do with ordinary tear drops, nor does the aqueous drain outside the eye. In this manner, the drain can never totally be occluded. It simply is a bypass opening that functions as a safety valve. The procedure is called laser iridotomy and is done in our office. It generally requires only a few minutes, and the risk factor of the procedure is extremely low. Most always, the risk of angle closure glaucoma is substantially higher than any risk of the laser procedure.

If you have had an attack of angle closure in one eye, the risk of having an attack in the other eye generally is very high. We usually perform a laser iridotomy in the opposite eye in a preventative fashion in such patients. Even if you have never had an attack, we can advise you of the probabilities. Laser iridotomy might be recommended anyway if there is concern about having such an attack. The photo below shows what an eye with 2 laser iridotomy openings looks like. Notice that these are barely visible when casually looking at the eye.

Some patients may need to continue eye drops even after a successful laser iridotomy. This is usually because the intraocular pressure remains too high despite the angle being adequately available. The iridotomy procedure only provides a pathway for the aqueous to get to the drain. If the drain itself is undamaged, laser iridotomy can literally cure the disease. If the drain is not working well anyway, drops may be necessary. Laser iridotomy ordinarily has no direct effect on your vision or your eyeglass prescription.

We want you to realize that glaucoma can be treated, and vision loss can be prevented in most cases. Early diagnosis and treatment are important. The above description, we know, is complex. Glaucoma is complex. Only ophthalmologists have the experience and training to manage this disease. Have your eyes examined regularly to be checked for glaucoma. Don’t wait until your vision has been impaired to detect this treatable condition.

Still Have Questions?

If you have any further questions about optical medical treatment you can simply call us and speak with a doctor. Or you can come in for a free consultation.

Patient Education

Your eye health is as important to us as it is to you. We want you to understand everything about your eyes, including at-home eye care, diagnoses, and treatment options. We’ve created this blog to ensure you have all the information you need.
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